Bird Families

Philippine salangan


1. Distribution

This species is endemic to the Philippines. The area of ​​the habitat is 170,000 km². The nominal subspecies of the Philippine swiftlet was discovered in 1895 on Mount Date on Luzon Island, and it was only in 2005 that birds were seen again at this site. Subspecies A. w. origenis was observed in three places in the mountains on the island of Mindanao: in 1904 in the area of ​​the Apo volcano and in 1993 in the Kitanglad and Matutum mountains. In the 1990s, Filipino swiftlets were also believed to have been seen in southern Cotabato province on the island of Mindanao. In February 1997, several birds, which are likely to be the Philippine swiftlet, were caught in a net at Kitanglad Mountain, but their exact belonging to this taxon could not be determined. In 1998, the bird was recorded near the Kanlaon volcano on the island of Negros. Hutchinson, in a 2016 paper, claims that birds were later seen on the Polis and Kitanglad mountains.

Many early records confuse the Filipino swiftlet with Aerodramus vanikorensis amelis.

Birds live only in natural landscapes in mountainous areas. The height above sea level does not drop below 1000 meters. Since the mountainous areas in which the Philippine swiftlet was previously noted are no longer covered with forest, there is a threat of loss of habitat. At present, the regions in which birds have been seen are protected by the state: Mount Apo National Park with an area of ​​644 km² on the mountain of the same name, Mount Kitanglad Natural Park with an area of ​​313 km² and the Mount Matutum Forest Reserve with an area of ​​140 km², of which 3000 hectares are occupied by virgin forest.

At the same time, the inaccessibility of the regions and the difficulties in identifying even caught birds hinder the determination of the status. The International Union for Conservation of Nature classifies this species as a species for which there is not enough data to assess the threat.

Apparently, the birds are sedentary.

2. Reproduction

The nests were found in July in alpine forests at an altitude of over 1200 meters. In a hollow tree on the slope of Apo volcano, four round nests were found, presumably belonging to birds of the subspecies A. w. origenis. The nests were built from fibrous plant matter, mainly moss, and no saliva was used in the construction of the nest.

There is no information about the peculiarities of reproduction.

3. Taxonomy

The species was first described by Scottish ornithologist William Robert Ogilvy-Grant in 1895, based on a specimen obtained from Mount Date on the island of Luzon. At various times, this species was combined with Aerodramus orientalis, Aerodramus brevirostris, Himalayan salangan, Aerodramus papuensis, but according to modern concepts, they are not closely related species. The Philippine swiftlet has a different nest type and flank pattern compared to the Himalayan swiftlet, and unlike Aerodramus papuensis has all four toes. Previously, four subspecies were distinguished in the taxon, but the subspecies Aerodramus whiteheadi tsubame was recognized as synonymous with Aerodramus vanikorensis palawanensis, and the subspecies Aerodramus whiteheadi apoensis - Aerodramus mearnsi. The name Collocalia whiteheadi is considered synonymous. This taxon was assigned to the genus Aerodramus in 2014.

Currently, the bird belongs to the genus Aerodramus of the swift family. There are two subspecies:

  • Aerodramus whiteheadi Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 - Mount Date in the northern part of Luzon Island in the northern Philippines.
  • Aerodramus whiteheadi origenis Oberholser, 1906 - mountains Apo, Kitangled, Matutum and some other sites on the island of Mindanao in the south of the Philippines.

  • Himalayan salangan lat. Aerodramus brevirostris is a bird species of the Swift family. Quite large swift with a forked tail, dark brown plumage
  • in the western part of New Guinea. Originally considered a subspecies of the Philippine swiftlet, it was named Collocalia whiteheadi papuensis. In 2014
  • white-bellied swiftlet Collocalia vanikorensis - gray swiftlet Aerodramus maximus - black-headed swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus - swiftlet - seaweed
  • Caprimulgus phalaena E Order: Swiftiformes Family: Swifters Palaus salangan Aerodramus pelewensis E Needle-tailed swift, Hirundapus caudacutus A
  • owl nightjar Aerodramus bartschi - Guam salangan Aerodramus elaphrus - Seychelles salangan Aerodramus sawtelli Apus acuticauda - Shiny
  • Aegotheles cristatus White-bellied swiftlet - Collocalia esculenta White-bellied swiftlet - Collocalia spodiopygius Gray swiftlet - Collocalia vanikorensis Thorntail
  • restaurants prepare soup from swallow's nests. Nests made of thickened saliva from swallows come to Hong Kong from Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Also

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