Bird Families

Blue Flycatcher / Cyanoptila cyanomelana

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Small birds with a small flattened and wide beak. The tail is short, straight, often with a notch at the end (the long tail is only in the paradise flycatcher). They inhabit various tree plantations. It is common for flycatchers to sit on a branch, taking off after flying insects. In the fauna of the USSR, the family is represented by 15 species.

370. Paradise Flycatcher - Terpsiphone paradisi

370. Paradise Flycatcher - Terpsiphone paradisi.


370. Paradise Flycatcher - Terpsiphone paradisi

Slightly smaller than a starling. On the head there is a pointed crest, the tail is long. The back, tail and wings are red-red, the head and crest are black, the abdomen is white. Far Eastern paradise flycatchers are distinguished by a darker color of the back and tail. Migrant. Inhabits old shady gardens and mountain deciduous forests in the western half of the Pamir-Alai and Southwestern Tien Shan, as well as in the Far East. The nest is arranged in a fork in the branches. In clutch there are 2-5 white-pink eggs with reddish specks. The voice is a sharp cry and a melodic whistle.

It is determined by its characteristic appearance.

371. Gray Flycatcher - Muscicapa striata

371. Gray Flycatcher - Muscicapa striata.


371. Gray Flycatcher - Muscicapa striata

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The dorsal side is gray, with dark longitudinal streaks on the head. The ventral side is whitish, with brownish streaks on the chest and sides. Migrant. Inhabits gardens, parks, forests, often near human habitation from the western borders of the USSR to Transbaikalia. Nest is built in half-hollow, behind peeled bark, etc. In clutch there are 4-6 greenish eggs with rusty spots. The voice is a sharp "tsit-tit". It differs from the Siberian flycatcher in whitish streaks on the forehead.

372. Siberian Flycatcher - Muscicapa sibirica

372. Siberian flycatcher - Muscicapa sibirica.


372. Siberian Flycatcher - Muscicapa sibirica

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. It looks like a gray flycatcher.

Migrant. Inhabits light taiga from Altai to Kamchatka. A nest in a fork in a tree. In clutch there are 4-5 greenish eggs with rusty spots. The voice is a soft crackle. It differs from the gray flycatcher by the absence of white streaks on the forehead.

373. Pied Flycatcher - Ficedula hypoleuca

373. Pied flycatcher - Ficedula hypoleuca.


373. Pied Flycatcher - Ficedula hypoleuca

The size of a sparrow. The male has the top of the head and neck, the back, wings and tail are black, the stripe on the forehead, wings, on the sides of the tail and the entire abdomen are white. The female is grayish-brown. Migrant. Inhabits the forest zone from the western borders of the USSR to the Yenisei. A nest in a hollow. Clutch contains 5-7 light blue eggs. Voice - ringing "rush-rush" and loud song. In nature, it is quite easily identified by its characteristic contrasting color.

374. Taiga Flycatcher - Ficedula mugimaki

374. Taiga flycatcher - Ficedula mugimaki.


374. Taiga Flycatcher - Ficedula mugimaki

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The dorsal side is black, the throat, chest and anterior part of the abdomen are rufous, the posterior part of the abdomen, the undertail and the speck behind the eye are white. Migrant. Inhabits the high-trunked taiga of Southern Siberia and the Far East. Nest is built on a tree. In clutch there are 4-8 greenish eggs with brown spots. The voice is a creaky crackle and a ringing song.

It differs from the small flycatcher by the absence of white stripes on the tail.

375. Lesser Flycatcher - Ficedula parva

375. Lesser flycatcher - Ficedula parva.


375. Lesser Flycatcher - Ficedula parva

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The dorsal side is sandy-gray, the tail is blackish, there is a red spot on the throat, the chest is gray, the abdomen and undertail are white.

Migrant. Inhabits deciduous and coniferous forests from the western border of the USSR to Kamchatka. Nest in a hollow or half-hollow. In clutch there are 5-6 pinkish or greenish eggs with rusty spots. Voice - crackling and ringing trill.

It differs from the taiga flycatcher in white stripes on the sides of the tail.

376. Blue Flycatcher - Cyanoptila cyanomelana

376. Blue Flycatcher - Cyanoptila cyanomelana.


376. Blue Flycatcher - Cyanoptila cyanomelana

The size of a sparrow. The top of the head, back and tail are bright blue, the wings are brown, the sides of the head, throat and chest are black, the abdomen is white, the sides are gray.

Migrant. Inhabits the dark coniferous deciduous forests of the Far East. Nest in a half-hole or in a small niche. There are 4-5 white-pink eggs in a clutch. The song is a set of loud pleasant trills. It is determined by its characteristic bright color.

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