Bird Families

Chionodoxa: species and varieties, tips for growing


Still a little-known hybrid of the pavia chestnut, obtained as a result of crossing between aesculus pavia and aesculus sylvatica. Undoubtedly, its popularity has been increasing in recent years among gardeners, who are attracted to this plant, first of all, by its dwarf forms. Pavia chestnuts grow no more than 1-2 m in height. There are also more dwarf forms. Long bloom for a month. The inflorescences look very attractive and unusual, tk. gardeners are accustomed to seeing chestnuts only with white inflorescences familiar to the eye. The rest of the pavia chestnuts are the same as regular chestnuts. Plants are winter-hardy, and therefore will help to significantly expand the palette of the garden in the middle lane for those who are constantly looking for something new and interesting. Agricultural technology is not difficult. Pavia chestnuts are unpretentious. Not picky about any type of soil and any place of planting.

Features: Rosea Nana is a compact plant up to 1.8 m high with numerous attractive tubular flowers arranged in upright conical brooms of pink, lemon with orange tints. Flowering May-June.

Characteristics of the Chionodox plant

According to botanical characteristics, chionodoxa is a perennial, early flowering bulbous plant with a height of 10 to 17 cm with a thin, straight stem, on which there are light brown or yellowish strokes. Several peduncles develop on one plant.

The bulbs are small, up to 1.7 cm in diameter, ovoid, with many light scales on the surface.

The leaves are collected in a root rosette. The leaf plates are linear, deep green, erect, up to 13 cm long.

Peduncles and leaves of this plant develop simultaneously.

Flowers are collected in inflorescences - loose brushes. One inflorescence can contain from 1 to 12 flowers of white, pink, blue, blue, purple and lilac color. The buds consist of 6 oblong-oval petals with a rounded end. The diameter of the flowers reaches 2 - 4 cm. Flowering occurs in mid-April and lasts for 21 days. During the flowering of chionodoxa, the garden is filled with a pleasant aroma.

After flowering, the fruit is formed - a miniature box with small black seeds, on which there are nutritious appendages.

In one place, this culture successfully grows for 5-6 years, after which it requires a rejuvenating transplant.

In total, there are 8 types of chionodox and all of them have decorative value. The most popular ones are described below.

The description of the chionodox flower is accompanied by a photo below, which shows the main features of this culture:

Varieties of Chionodoxa (Forbes and Lucia)

Chionodoxa forbes (Chionodoxa forbesii).

It is a low-growing bulbous perennial, the maximum height of which can reach no more than 30 cm. The composition of the inflorescence - a loose brush about 15 cm long includes 15 bell-shaped flowers with petals of a light blue color and a white central part. This species blooms in late March - early April.

Chionodox Forbes varieties:

"Alba" - a popular variety of Chionodox Forbes, which is a short bush with bright green foliage and snow-white bell-shaped inflorescences,

"Blue Giant" - a variety with deep blue six-petal flowers on peduncles up to 25 cm high,

"Pink Giant" - The six petal flowers are pink in color and have a white center.

Chionodoxa lucilia (Chionodoxa luciliae).

This variety is a bulbous perennial up to 20 cm high. The leaves are formed at the base of the stem and have a dark green color. The leaf plates of Chionodoxa Lucilia are grooved, linear, short, dense, erect. Inflorescence - loose raceme consists of 3 - 10 bell-shaped flowers, 3 cm in diameter. The color of the flowers can be blue or white. Flowering begins in early April.

Varieties of Chionodoxa Lucilia:

"White" or "Alba" - bush 10 - 15 cm high with flowers collected in a loose racemose inflorescence of 3 - 4 pieces. The diameter of the flowers is 2.5 cm, the color of the petals is white,

"Pink" - has bell-shaped pink flowers with a purple tint,

"Giant White" - a variety with large, up to 4 cm in diameter, white flowers.

Chionodoxa Sardinian, giant and others

Chionodoxa sardinian (Chionodoxa sardensis).

One of the most common types of chionodoxa grown in home gardens. The bush reaches 10-15 cm in height. At the base of the stem, a pair of narrow, dense, dark green leaves up to 12 cm long is formed. The flowers of Chionodoxa Sardinian are deep blue, 2 cm in diameter, collected in a loose brush of 10 pieces. Flowering occurs in the second decade of March.

Chionodoxa giant (Chionodoxa gigantea).

A spectacular variety with large, up to 6 cm in diameter, blue or purple flowers, collected in a loose panicle. One inflorescence can consist of 1 - 5 flowers. Peduncles reach 10 cm in length. Leaves form at the base of the stem. The leaf plates of Chionodoxa giant are dark green, linear, pointed at the end, up to 12 cm long, up to 1 cm wide. The bulb is cone-shaped, 3 cm in diameter, with light transparent scales. Flowering begins from the beginning - mid-April (depending on the growing region), lasts for 3 weeks.

Chionodoxa whitish (Chionodoxa albescens).

Herbaceous perennial up to 15 cm high with a brown cone-shaped bulb 2 cm in diameter, covered with light scales. Leaves are basal, linear, rich green. The flowers are small, 1 cm in diameter, pink or lilac in color. Flowering occurs in the first half of April, lasts for 21 days.

In addition to the above-described species, the following varieties of chionodox are very successful in gardening:

"Violet Beauty" - herbaceous perennial bulbous plant 20 - 30 cm high. Leaves are linear, dark green, dense. The flowers are bell-shaped, purple, with a white or creamy pharynx,

"Blue Giant" - Chionodox variety, which is a bush about 15 cm high. The leaves are narrow, dense, erect, bright green. The flowers are bell-shaped, blue in color with a white center,

"Mixture" - a short perennial with a conical bulb. Leaves are linear, pointed at the end, dark green. Flowers can be white, pink, blue, purple, less often yellow.

The next selection of photos demonstrates the best varieties of Chionodox, which will help to effectively and extraordinarily decorate a personal plot, transform nondescript corners of the garden:

Features of breeding the primrose Chionodoxa

Location. Chionodox is photophilous, this must be taken into account by the gardener when choosing a permanent place for this culture. Only with an abundance of sunlight will the flower show its decorative qualities to the maximum. An area located in partial shade, for example, under the spreading crowns of trees, is also suitable. In full shade, the plant also grows and develops, but very few or no buds are formed on it.

The soil. Chionodox prefers humus soils, well-drained, with neutral acidity. Does not tolerate waterlogging.

Watering. It is enough to irrigate mature bushes 1 - 2 times a week. More frequent watering is not necessary, even in extreme prolonged heat. When cultivating a flower, it is important to avoid stagnation of moisture in the soil, which is extremely detrimental to the flower. This culture will easily tolerate a lack of moisture, but from its excess, rotting of the bulbs will occur. Juveniles should be watered regularly until they get stronger and grow. The best time to water is early morning or evening. When irrigating a bush, you need to direct the flow of water directly under the bush, avoiding moisture on the leaves and flowers. After watering, it is required to loosen the soil around the bush so that the roots are saturated with oxygen, as well as eliminate weeds, which take away nutrients from the plant and prevent it from fully developing.

Top dressing. Top dressing is applied before flowering, using granular fertilizers containing minerals. The granules are scattered under the bush, sprinkled with a layer of earth, after which they are watered. So the roots will absorb nutrients well, and the plant will delight you with beautiful foliage and lush flowering.

Shelter for the winter. In preparation for wintering, all faded inflorescences are cut off, the leaves by this time should have already dried and fallen off. The bushes are covered with a layer of mulch (sawdust, spruce branches, forest moss). The shelter will help the plant survive cold temperatures and survive until spring without any damage.

Another care. Chionodoxa is periodically transplanted, dried out parts are removed, leaves and buds are treated from harmful insects.

If necessary, transplant bulbs in central Russia are dug up in July, in the south - in June. They are dried, sorted and stored in a cool place until planting.

Diseases and pests. Like many other bulbous plants, Chionodoxa is susceptible to diseases such as stagonosporosis, gray mold, fusarium, blue mold, rust, root rot, penicillosis and others. First, the bulbs are affected, then the stems turn yellow, the leaves dry up and fall off. If the fight against the disease is not started in time, the bush may die.

To prevent the occurrence of diseases, the bulbs are kept in the Fundazol solution before planting. In the process of caring for the plant, they monitor the condition of the soil, preventing it from waterlogging and stagnant moisture, which will lead to decay of the root system.

Among the pests, the most dangerous are mice and larvae of the root meadow mite, which damage the bulbs under the ground. In the fight against harmful insects, acaricide preparations are used, for example, "Actellik" or "Aktara", which are sprayed on damaged bushes. Lures with poisonous substances help to get rid of rodents.

How the chionodox flower is taken care of after planting in open ground is shown in a selection of photos, by looking at which you can understand all the features of this work:

Forcing chionodoxa bulbs

The bulbous culture of Chionodox is perfect for forcing, especially since it goes well with other early flowering plants that have bulbs, for example, galanthus, daffodils, crocuses and many others. For distillation, take a pot or a spacious flowerpot. To observe flowering already in March, in the summer, when the plant has a dormant period, bulbs are dug out. They are stored in a cool, dry place until September, after which they are planted in a prepared container (up to 8 - 10 pieces) to a depth of 2 - 3 cm.Pots with bulbs are dropped on the site, and in November, before the onset of frost, they are brought into a cool, dark place with a temperature 5 - 12 degrees. After 2 months, the container with the crops is transferred to a bright place with a temperature of 14 - 17 degrees, the soil is periodically moistened. Carrying out such care, the florist will soon (in the second half of February - early March) receive a flowering chionodox bush grown at home. The plant first forms leaves and then flower arrows appear. At the end of flowering, the soil is allowed to dry well, then, after the leaves have dried, the bulbs are dug out and stored.

Reproduction of chionodox

This culture is propagated by baby bulbs and seeds. Each method has its own characteristics, but vegetative is most often used. In one season, one chionodox bulb produces up to 4 small daughter bulbs. In the second half of July, these bulbs with children are removed from the soil. Usually by this time the plant is already dormant, shoots and leaf plates dry up. The seed is stored in a dark, dry, cool place. The babies are separated from the bulbs just before planting so that they do not deteriorate during storage.

Bulbs are planted in early September. Before planting, a plot is prepared, humus, compost, and ash are introduced into the poor soil. Drainage is done by adding crushed stone and sand to the soil. After that, the soil is leveled, stones are removed. The depth of the holes depends on the size of the bulbs: the larger they are, the larger the hole should be. Bulbs with a diameter of 6 - 7 cm are buried by 8 - 9 cm.The distance between the bulbs must be at least 10 cm.

If there are already chionodox plants in the flower garden, their propagation with the help of seeds is not advisable, since this method does not give as high results as vegetative.

This culture is successfully propagated by self-seeding. If the fruits are not harvested before they ripen, they crack and the seeds spill onto the ground. Nutritious achenes attract insects, which carry them around the site. As a result, the sprouts of this culture can be seen after a while in different parts of the garden.

To prevent uncontrolled self-seeding, seeds should be harvested before the capsule cracks, then dried and stored in a dark, dry place. The seed is placed in the soil in October. A ridge is prepared in advance, furrows are made in it, where seeds are evenly poured. Top crops are sprinkled with a layer of earth and irrigated with a spray bottle. In winter, snow is sprinkled on plantings to create the necessary microclimate for crops and prevent damage from low temperatures.

If the gardener first decided to breed Chionodoxa primroses, he buys seeds in the store. Plants obtained with the help of seeds bloom in the 3rd year.

Using chionodoxa in the garden

Chionodoxa is not only a perennial that is unpretentious to care for, but also a highly decorative culture that is used to decorate the landscape of a country house. With its help, you can create interesting bright ensembles, make your garden cozy, unique and very beautiful.

Chionodoxa can be planted on the lawn in groups or randomly, this will help to revive a nondescript area. With the help of this flower, alpine slides, meadows against the background of shrubs, rocky hills, rockeries are made out.

This culture looks spectacular in flower beds next to liverworts, snowdrops, primroses, erythroniums and other early flowering plants.

You can plant a chionodox between the trees and shrubs of the garden, thereby creating a variegated carpet where there used to be voids. Picturesque compositions look extraordinary and expressive.

The flower looks good in a container or basket. A tub with a perennial plant is displayed on terraces, balconies, and also near resting places in the garden.