Bird Families

Ceyx cajeli

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KINGFISHERs of The World

The river kingfishers are one of the three families of bird in the kingfisher group. The family is widespread through Africa, through east and south Asia as far as Australia, with one species, the also appearing in Europe and northern Asia. These are brightly plumaged compact birds with short tails, large heads and long bills. They feed on insects or fish, and lay white eggs in a self-excavated burrow.

Genus Alcedo
Some species that used to be in genus Alcedo have been changed to genus Ceyx

Kingfisher, _Bismarck Alcedo websteri Found: Papua New Guinea

Kingfisher, _Blue-bandedAlcedo euryzona Found: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand.

Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans 2) wokoti 3) Mark Benedict - Borneo 3) lonelyshrimp - Thailand
1) Left: male Right: female 2) Female 3, 4) Male

Kingfisher, _Blue-eared Found: Indian Subcontinent and southeast Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines

Kingfisher, _Blyth'sAlcedo hercules Found: Asia

Kingfisher, _Cerulean also Small blue kingfisherAlcedo coerulescens Found: Asia, Indonesia

Kingfisher, _Half-collaredAlcedo semitorquata Found: Africa

Image by: 1) Arno Meintjes 2) David Siu - South Africa 3) Ian White - South Africa 4.5) Nik_Borrow - Tanzania, Zambia 6) Francesco_Veronesi - Malawi

Kingfisher, _Shining-blueAlcedo quadribrachys Found: Africa

Kingfisher, _AzureCeyx azurea Found: Australia

Kingfisher, _Buru_Dwarf-Ceyx cajeli Found: Buru Island in Indonesia

Kingfisher, _Diomorphic_Dwarf-Ceyx margarethae Found: central and southern Philippines

Kingfisher, _Guadalcanal_Dwarf-Ceyx nigromaxilla Found: Guadalcanal

Kingfisher, _Indigo-bandedCeyx cyanopectus Found: Philippines

Kingfisher, _LittleCeyx pusilla also Alcedo pusilla Found: Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea

Kingfisher, _Makira_Dwarf-Ceyx gentianus Found: Makira island of the Solomon Islands

Kingfisher, _Malaita_Dwarf-Ceyx malaitae Found: Malaita island of the Solomon Islands

Kingfisher, _Manus_Dwarf-Ceyx dispar Found: Admiralty Islands of New Guinea

Kingfisher, _New_Britain_Dwarf-Ceyx sacerdotis Found: New Britain and Umboi Island of New Guinea

Kingfisher, _New_Georgia_Dwarf-Ceyx collectoris Found: west central Solomon Islands

Kingfisher, _New_Ireland_Dwarf-Ceyx mulcatus Found: islands near New Guinea.

Kingfisher, _North_Moluccan_Dwarf- also Seram dwarf-kingfisherCeyx lepidus Found: Indonesia

Image by: 1) John C. Mittermeier - Obi Island, North Moluccas, Indonesia

Kingfisher, _North_Solomons_Dwarf-Ceyx meeki Found: Solomon Islands

Kingfisher, _Northern_SilveryCeyx flumenicolus Found: Philippines

Kingfisher, _Oriental Dwarf- also Black-backed Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx erithaca Found: Indian Subcontinent, southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia

Kingfisher, _Papuan_Dwarf-Ceyx solitarius Found: New Guinea

Kingfisher, _Philippine_Dwarf-Ceyx melanurus Found: Philippines

Kingfisher, _Rufous-backedCeyx rufidorsa Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Phiippines

Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Philippines 2) Mark Benedict

Kingfisher, _South_SilveryCeyx argentatus Found: Philippines

Kingfisher, _Sula_Dwarf-Ceyx wallacii Found: Sula Islands in Indonesia

Kingfisher, _Sulawesi Dwarf-Ceyx fallax Found: Sulawesi Island of Indonesia


Genus Corythornis also Alcedo
These are African kingfishers

Kingfisher, _MadagascanCorythornis madagascariensis Found: Madagascar
Image by: 1, 2) Frank Vassen - Mantadia National Park, Madagascar 3) Pat and Keith Taylor - Mantadia National Park

Kingfisher, _MalachiteAlcedo cristata also Corythornis cristatus Found: Africa

Kingfisher, _MalagasyAlcedo vintsioides also Corythornis vintsioides Found: Madagascar

Image by: 1, 2, 3) Frank Vassen - Madagascar 4, 5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels - Parc Tsarasaotra, an open bird sanctury in Antananrivo

Kingfisher, _White-belliedAlcedo leucogaster also Corythornis leucogaster Found: Africa

Image by: 1) Lee Hunter - Uganda 2) Nik_Borrow - Uganda

Kingfisher, _African PygmyIspidina picta also Ceyrx pictus Found: Africa

Image by: 1) Steve Garvie - Abuko, The Gambia 2) Yoky - Lake Manyara National Park, Tanzania 3) Arno Meintjes 3, 4) Nik_Borrow - Ethiopia


Genus Lacedo - 1 species

Kingfisher, _BandedLacedo pulchella Found: southeast Asia, Malaysia

Image by: 1) Tom Tarrant - Borneo 2) Tontan_Travel 3) Hyashi Haka 4) Francesco Veronesi - Thailand 5) Jason Thompson - Thailand
1, 2) Female 3 - 5) Male


Genus Pelargopsis
These are very large kingfishers. Their flight is flapping but direct. They inhabit well wooded habitats near water. They are territorial and will chase away eagles and other large predators. These species hunts crabs, fish, frogs, Sexes are similar.

Kingfisher, _Brown-wingedPelargopsis amauroptera Found: Bangladesh, India, southeast Asia, Malaysia

Image by: 1) Jayanth Shama - India 2) Allan Drewitt - Thailand 3) Darren - Thailand 4) AjitK332

Kingfisher, _Stork-billedPelargopsis capensis Found: India, souheast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

Image by: 1) Lip Kee - Singapore 2) David Cook - Sri Lanka 3, 4) LonelyShrimp - Thailand

Kingfisher, _Great-billed also Black-billed kingfisherPelargopsis melanorhyncha Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)

The water kingfishers are one of the three families of kingfishers. All American kingfischer species are in this family. These are all fish-eating species, unlike many representatives of the other two families.


Genus Ceryle - 1 species

Kingfisher, _PiedCeryle rudis Found: Asia (including China and India), Africa

Image by: 1, 2) Arno Meintjes 3) Dick Daniels - Fish Eagle Lodge, Knysna Lagoon, Kenya 4, 5) Dick - St. Lucia, South Africa 6, 7) Andy_Li


Genus Chloroceryle
They nest in a horizontal river bank tunnel, have green upperparts. They are found in tropical Americas.

Kingfisher, _AmazonChloroceryle amazona Found: South America

Image by: 1) Carlos_Henrique 2) Len Blumin - Costa Rica 3, 5) Nick Athanas - Columbia, Brazil 4) Lip Kee Yap - Argentina 6) Andreas_Trepte
1, 2, 3) Female 4, 5, 6) Male

Kingfisher, _America_PygmyChloroceryle aenea Found: southern Mexico to South America

Image by: 1) Alastair Rae 2) Carol Foil - Belize 3, 7) Nick Athanas - Costa Rica, Brazil 4) Gregory Smith - Ecuador 5) Jorge Montejo - Texas 6) Jerry Oldenettel - Belize
1, 2, 3) Female 4 - 6) Male

Kingfisher, _GreenChloroceryle americana Found: southwest USA to South America

Image by: 1, 6) Lip Kee - Argentina 2, 8) Jerry Oldenettel - Costa Rica 3) Berniedup - Belize 4, 5 7) Cláudio Dias Timm - Brazil
1 - 5) Female 6, 7, 8) Male

Kingfisher, _Green-and-rufousChloroceryle inda Found: Nicaragua to southern Brazil


Genus Megaceryle
All are fish eaters. They have prominant head creast, gray or grayish-blue upperparts, white or rufous underparts, underparts pattern always different for the two sexes.

Kingfisher, _BeltedMegaceryle alcyon Found: North America to north South America

Image by: 1) Elaine R Wilson - Blackie Spit Park, Crescent Beach, British Columbia
2) Alan D Wilson - Audubon Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Brownsville, Texas
3, 4) Dick Daniels - North Carolina 5) Linda Tanner 6, 7) Andy_Morffew
1, 2, 3) Female 4 - 7) Male

Kingfisher, _Crested also Himalayan pied kingfisherMegaceryle lugubris Found: Asia

Kingfisher, _GiantMegaceryle maximus Found: Africa

Image by: 1) Ian White - Zambia 2) Frans_Vandewalle - The Gambia 3) Joseph Mochoge - Gilgil, Kenya
4) Louise Meinties 5) Arno Meintjes 6) Dick Daniels - St Lucia, South Africa 7) Charles_J_Sharp - Kenya
1, 2) Female 3 - 7) Male

Kingfisher, _RingedMegaceryle torquata Found: Texas to South America

Image by: 1) Jorge Cardenas - Chile 2) Joe McKenna - Panama 3) Frank Vassen - Costa Rica
4, 5) Dario Sanches - Brazil 6) Claudio Timm - Brazil
1, 2, 3) female 4, 5, 6) Male

The tree kingfishers are the most numerous of the three families of birds in the kingfisher group. Tree kingfishers are widespread through Asia and Australasia, but also appear in Africa and the islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, utilizing a range of habitats from tropical rainforest to open woodlands. The tree kingfishers are short-tailed large-headed compact birds with long pointed bills. Most are monogamous and territorial, nesting in holes in trees or termite nests. Although some tree kingfishers frequent wetlands, none are specialist fish-eaters. Most species dive onto prey from a perch, mainly taking slow moving invertebrates or small vertebrates.

Kingfisher, _Blue-capped also Hombron's kingfisherActenoides hombroni Found: Philippines

Kingfisher, _Green-backedActenoides monachus Found: Indonesia

Kingfisher, _MoustachedActenoides bougainvillei Found: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands

Kingfisher, _Rufous-collaredActenoides concretus Found: southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia

Image by: 1) Francesco Veronesi - Thailand 2) Jakob Wijkema 3) Mark Benedict - Borneo
1) Female 2, 3) Male

Kingfisher, _Scaly-breastedActenoides princeps Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)

Image by: 1, 3, 4) AS Kono 2) Jasonbkk
1, 2) Female 3, 4) Male

Kingfisher, _SpottedActenoides lindsayi Found: Philippines


Genus Caridonax - 1 species

Kingfisher, _White-rumped also Glittering kingfisherCaridonax fulgidus Found: Indonesia
iaage by: 1) Abdul_Azis_Gizan 2) Yann_Muzika - Flores


Genus Cittura - 1 species

Kingfisher, _Lilac also Celebes flat-billed kingfisherCittura cyanotis Found: Sulawesi (Indonesia)


Genus Clytoceyx - 1 species

Kookaburra, _Shovel-billed also Shovel-billed kingfisher Found: New Guinea


Genus Dacelo
The kookaburra species are found in Australia and New Guinea. Kookaburras are known to eat the young of other birds, mice, snakes, insects and small reptiles.

Kookaburra, _Blue-wingedDacelo leachii Found: Australia

Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Australia 5) Toby Hudson - Ashfield, NSW, Australia

Kookaburra, _Rufous-belliedDacelo gaudichaud Found: New Guinea

Kookaburra, _SpangledDacelo tyro Found: New Guinea

Image by: 1) John Gould 2) Doug Janson - Jurong Bird Park, Singapore


Genus Halcyon
Halcyon kingfishers are mostly large birds with heavy bills. They occur in a variety of habitats, with woodland of various types the preferred environment for most. They are “sit and wait” predators of small ground animals including large insects, rodents, snakes, and frogs, but some will also take fish.

Kingfisher, _Black-cappedHalcyon pileata Found: Asia

Kingfisher, _Blue-breastedHalcyon malimbica Found: west Afioca

Image by: 1) Josh More - Denver Zoo 2) JV Verde - The Gambia 3) Steve Garvie - The Gambia 4, 5, 6) Nik Borrow -Gghana, Ghana, Uganda

Kingfisher, _Brown-hoodedHalcyon albiventris Found: Africa

Image by: 1) Sias van Schalkwyk - South Africa 2) Arno Meintjes 3) Dick Daniels - Tanzania 4) Dick - Kruger National Park, South Africa 5) Nik_Borrow - Malawi
1, 2) Female 3, 4, 5) Male

Kingfisher, _Chocolate-backedHalcyon badia Found: western sub-Saharan Africa

Kingfisher, _Gray-headedHalcyon leucocephala Found: Africa

Kingfisher, _JavanHalcyon cyanoventris Found: Indonesia

Image by: 1_ Lip Kee - Bali 2) Ken San- Bali Bird Park

Kingfisher, _MangroveHalcyon senegaloides Found: east Africa

Image by: 1) Paul Barnard - Zambia 2) Steve Garvie - Kenya 3) Ian White - Zambia 4) Nik_Borrow - Tanzania

Kingfisher, _RuddyHalcyoncoromanda Found: Asia

Image by: 1) Arno Meintjes 2) Dick Daniels - Fish Eagle Lodge, Knysna Lagoon 3, 4) Nik_Borrow
1) Juvenile

Kingfisher, _White-throated also White-breasted kingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis Found: Europe, Asia

Kingfisher, _Woodland Halcyon senegalensis Found: Africa

Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - Tanzania 3, 4) Arno Meintjes 5) Dick - San Diego Zoo 6) Sias van Schalkwyk - South Africa 7) Nik_Borrow - Ghana


Genus Melidora - 1 species

Kingfisher, _Hook-billedMelidora macrorrhina Found: New Guinea


Genus Syma

Kingfisher, _MountainSyma megarhyncha Found: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea

Kingfisher, _Yellow-billedSyma torotoro Found: New Guinea and adjacent islands

Kingfisher, _Biak Paradise-Tanysiptera riedelii Found: Biak Island in Indonesia

Kingfisher, _Brown-headed_Paradise-Tanysiptera danae Found: Papua New Guinea

Kingfisher, _Common_Paradise-Tanysiptera galatea Found: Australia, New Guinea

Image by: 1, 2) Katerina_Tvardikova 3) Francesco Veronesi - Halmahera 2, 5) Nik_Borrow
2, 3) Female 4, 5) Male

Kingfisher, _Kofiau_Paradise-Tanysiptera ellioti Found: Indonesian island of Kofiau

Kingfisher, _Little_Paradise-Tanysiptera hydrocharis Found: New Guinea

Kingfisher, _Numfor_Paradise-Tanysiptera carolinae Found: Indonesian island of Numfor northwestern of New Guinea

Kingfisher, _Red-breastedTanysiptera nympha Found: New Guinea


Genus Todiramphus
Members of Todiramphus are medium-sized kingfishers with flattened beaks. They are typically blue or blue-green above with pale underparts. They often have a pale collar and stripe over the eye. Many species are commonly found well away from water and feed largely on terrestrial animals such as insects and lizards. The nest is built in a cavity, most often in a tree. Most are found in Australasia.

Kingfisher, _BeachTodiramphus saurophagus Found: New Guinea, Soloman Islands

Todiramphus diops Found: Indonesia

Kingfisher, _Blue-blackTodiramphus nigrocyaneus Found: New Guinea

Kingfisher, _ChatteringTodiramphus tutus Found: French Polynesia.

Kingfisher, _Chestnut-bellied also Vanuatu kingfisherTodiramphus farquhari Found: Vanuatu (1000 miles northeast of

Kingfisher, _Cinnamon-bandedTodiramphus australasia Found: Indonesia, East Timor
Image by: 1) Ron Knight 2) Dubi_Shapiro

Kingfisher, _CollaredTodiramphus chloris Found: Asia, Australasia

Kingfisher, _Flat-billedTodiramphus recurvirostris Found: Samoa

Kingfisher, _ForestTodiramphus macleayii Found: Australasia

Kingfisher, _GuamTodiramphus cinnamominus Found: Guam

Image by: 1) Kevin 3) Eric_Savage 2, 4) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo
1) Female 2) Male

Kingfisher, _LazuliTodiramphus lazuli Found: southern Maluku Islands in Indonesia

Kingfisher, _MangarevaTodiramphus gambieri Found: French Polynesia

Kingfisher, _Mariana Found: Mariana Islands (northeast of Philippines)

Kingfisher, _MarquesasTodiramphus godeffroyi Found: Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia

Kingfisher, _Mewing also Mangaia kingfisherTodiramphus ruficollaris Found: Mangaia in the Cook Islands

Kingfisher, _New_Britain also White-mantled kingfisher Found: New Britain off New Guinea

Kingfisher, _NiauTodiramphus gertrudae Found: French Polynesia

Kingfisher, _PacificTodiramphus sacer Found: South Pacific Islands

Kingfisher, _Palau also Rusty-capped kingfisherTodiramphus pelewensis Found: Palau in Micronesia

Kingfisher, _PohnpeiTodiramphus reichenbachii Found: Pohnpei of Micornesia

Kingfisher, _Red-BackedTodiramphus pyrrhopygius Found: Australia

Image by: 1) Richard Fisher 2) Aviceda - Queensland 3) David_Cook - South Australia 4) Malcolm Tattersall - Queensland

Kingfisher, _SacredTodirhamphus sanctus Found: Australia

Kingfisher, _Society also Tahiti kingfisherTodiramphus veneratus Found: French Polynesia
Image by: 1) Erica Spotswood

Kingfisher, _SombreTodiramphus funebris Found: Halmahera (Indonesian island)
Image by: 1) Paulo Alvres 2) Pete_Morris Francesco_Veronesi

Kingfisher, _TalaudTodiramphus enigma Found: Indonesia

Kingfisher, _TorresianTodiramphus sordidus Found: Australia, New Guinea

Kingfisher, _UltramarineTodiramphus leucopygius Found: Bougainville Island and the Solomon Islands
Image by: 1) John Gerrard Keulemans 2, 3) Tony_Morris

Kingfisher, _VanuatuTodiramphus farquhari Found: Vanuatu

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