Many African tribes are very fond of turaco! Especially the army and the nobility, because decorate their ritual costumes with feathers.
Turaco are monogamous. During the mating season, they demonstrate themselves in every possible way: they raise the crest, spread their wings.
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The natural habitat of Livingston's banana-eater is the coastal and mountainous evergreen forest, up to 2500 m above sea level. These birds are poorly adapted to flight, but they have powerful legs and are able to move nimbly along tree branches and through vegetation.
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Long-tailed velvet weaver
These South African birds are so named because of their incredibly long tail, which can be almost 2 times the length of the body, reaching 60 cm (such long tails are inherent in males).
Brilliant Painted Malure
In his breeding plumage, the male usually has a bright blue color (sometimes black). Outside of the breeding season, the color of the males does not differ from that of the females, being gray-brown. It is worth noting that these birds are polygamous and, moreover, different partners will help the female in raising chicks.
Crowned fly eater
There are 4 types of crowned fly beetle. At first glance, the bird is ordinary, but if you tease it, then you will notice how it dissolves its gorgeous crest. Males have fiery red tufted feathers with blue tips, and females are orange or yellow.
Scaled bird of paradise
This bird lives in humid forests in New Guinea.It is distinguished by unusual long feathers extending from the head. When it was first brought to Europe, people thought the feathers were not real.
Many consider this bird to be the most beautiful in the world. This is the national bird of Guatemala, the currency of this country is named after it, and the image of this bird can be seen on the coat of arms of Guatemala. Kwezal is incapable of living in captivity. Some believe that the bird can die of a heart rupture. Freedom-loving, quezal was not in vain chosen as a symbol of the struggle for independence.
First of all, this bird is distinguished by its bright color: the chest is purple, the belly is blue, the head and nape are green, and a white stripe can be found near its eyes. In addition, the bird's face is reddish, and its wings are brown with a bright blue color at the bottom.
It is also worth noting that during the mating season, you can see how the males perform incredible acrobatic tricks in the air for the female to notice them.
This bird loves the Pacific coast of South America (Peru, Chile). It is distinguished primarily by its "whiskers", which are actually white twisted tufts of feathers, each of which can reach a length of 5 cm. In addition, the bird stands out from the rest with its bright red beak and red legs.
This species got its name because of the unusual shape of the head feathers - they are twisted like ribbons on a gift box. The name "arasari" is translated from Latin as "pen-language" - this indicates the distinctive features of the structure of the language of these particular toucans.
Curly aracari is found in Brazil, Guiana, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador.
This bird lives in humid mountain forests, as well as in forest edges. Her house may be up to 1,000 meters above sea level. Blue-capped tanager can be found in eastern South America.
Blue-headed magnificent bird of paradise
The habitat of this bird is Indonesia, and more specifically, the islands of Waigeo and Batanta, located northwest of the island of New Guinea.
This bird of paradise can be distinguished by its curly tail feathers and unique coloration. The crown on the male's head is actually a piece of skin, not feathers.
Guiana rock cockerel
The nearly perfect semicircular light orange comb in males of this species is actually a formation of two rows of feathers. It stretches across the entire head of the bird and even partially covers its beak.
This bird lives in the tropical and subtropical forests of Guyana and southern Venezuela. The Guiana Rock Cockerel loves areas rich in water bodies - it can be found near the basin of the Rio Negro River.
Lilac-Hat Painted Malure
This bird stands out not only for the purple flowers of the crown of the head, but also for its chant. The fact is that, unlike other Malyurs, this one usually sings in a duet, quite loudly, using a low clarity.
Shiny real cottinga
This bird lives in the upper part of the tropical rainforests of Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia and Bolivia. Her house is usually located at an altitude of 600 m above sea level.
Males have a beautiful color. It is worth noting that the dark purple feathers that adorn the neck of the cotting brilliant sparkle beautifully in the sun.
Hollow-throated bell ringer
It should be noted right away that the metallic ringing voice of this bird can be compared to a bell, and this sound is the loudest in the world of birds. The bird can be found in the mountainous rainforests of Brazil, as well as in Paraguay and northern Argentina.
This bird stands out for its yellow beak with a large helmet. The hornbill can be found in the rainforests of southern Asia. She is omnivorous, loves fruits, fish and small mammals.
Indian tribesmen believe that the hanging skull of a rhinoceros bird will help them gain wealth.
This bird lives in Central America. Its distinctive feature is its long tail. At the end of the tail, two even longer tail feathers can also be seen. These feathers fall off over time due to the frequent brushing of the feathers with the beak.
To make a nest, this bird digs holes, the length of which can reach 50 cm. It is worth noting that the red-billed alcyone feeds on large insects, rodents, snails, fish, frogs, and also loves to hunt songbirds.
Habitat - the southeast of the United States, the central and northern parts of South America, it happens that it arrives in western and southern Europe.
This bird deftly climbs the stems of tall plants. She can easily swim in water like a duck and walk on floating plants like a chicken thanks to her long fingers.
This bird is of the parrot family. She lives in New Zealand, and you can find her in human habitats - at ski lodges, hotels for tourists and at campgrounds. It should be noted that this is the only parrot in the world that lives and reproduces at an altitude of over 1,500 meters above sea level.
The closest relatives of cuckoos - bananoed - form a whole family, in which there are rather large specimens with a body length of 70 centimeters, and there are smaller specimens.
In Africa, sub-Saharan Africa is home to more than 20 species of turaco, making up 8 orders. Turaco is the second name for banana eaters.
All of them, despite their prosaic name, have a bright exotic feather outfit that has long attracted the attention of people.
Unthinkable colors are present in the coloring of the bird: shiny green, purple, blue, purple, red. Feathers in rainbow colors make the appearance of banana eaters fabulous, especially when the birds are well lit by the sun and hang from the trees, shimmering like precious stones.
In addition to all this splendor, the turaco has an amazing tail that, when extended, may well compete with the peacock. Not a tail, but a lush fan of an oriental beauty, brightly colored, large and heavy. A curved crest puffs up on the head. The wings of birds are a little short, with rounded tips.
Turako are very expressive birds.
The male and the female differ little from each other in appearance. The short beak with serrated yellow edges has a convex upper beak. These birds live in the steppes, savannas, forests, but in any case they prefer trees. The nest resembles a bunch of randomly scribbled branches and looks sloppy. But with such a gorgeous plumage of feathers, the turaco can be forgiven for lack of nest-building ability. The structure resembles nesting pigeons, they are just as flat and unkempt.
The female lays a couple of white eggs. Chicks appear of the nesting type, naked and gradually covered with fluff. This cover remains on chicks for more than 50 days. All development is slow: incubation lasts more than three weeks, six weeks pass after hatching of the chicks, when they leave the nest, besides, the downy coats cannot fly. This is where the second claw on the wing comes to the rescue, which is well developed and with its help the chicks perfectly climb trees. And only a week after leaving the nest, they timidly flap from branch to branch of closely growing trees.
Grown up banana eaters jump like squirrels, easily, quickly and dexterously. Birds are very mobile and energetic in their natural habitat. They stop only for the time of feeding, and even then not for long. Having intercepted one other fruit from the tree, the Turaco again jump to another tree, so that you cannot follow their movement. And only loud cries: "Carr-oo-oo, carr-oo-oo," betray the presence of birds in the rainforest. The voice sounds shrill and harsh, not musical at all. Banano-eaters cannot boast of their vocal abilities.
Turako - herbivorous birds, the basis of the diet of exotic birds are berries, fruits, young buds and shoots of various shrubs and trees. It is not known who called the birds bananoed, but this nickname does not correspond to the true facts about the food addiction of the turaco. Birds practically do not use bananas.
Banano-eaters are herbivorous.
The barnacle banana-eater (Tauraco leucotis), a small-sized bird of remarkable coloration, is a real beauty among the representatives of the family.This type of turaco got its name for the white feathers surrounding the eyes and covering the cheeks. The rest of the plumage is multi-colored, like a parrot. Bright green neck, head and chest look defiant against the background of a gray abdomen. The long tail is decorated with white feathers, the rump is gray-blue. Flight feathers on the wings have a dark red hue, and coverts of a more modest color are blue-gray. The head is decorated with a scallop, which is comparable in color to a sea wave, therefore this species is called a crested or crested bananoed. Outwardly, the female and the male practically do not differ from each other.
The barnacle banana eater is sedentary in East Africa.
An adult bananoed bird looks very beautiful. The plumage contains the brightest colors: red, yellow, blue, bright green, purple, pink and others. Moreover, the green color of feathers is given to birds by nature. Banana eaters acquire the emerald hue of their wings over time. It is shared by trees containing a special pigment. If an adult banana-eater falls under a heavy downpour, then his "outfit" becomes dull and inconspicuous.
The bird from the bananoed family has a long tail and a crest on its head. The turaco's beak is very short, but rather strong and massive. They can live in damp tropical forests and plains, as well as in the mountains and savannas. They are completely unpretentious and picky. They may not go down to the ground from a tree for a long time. They hide very skillfully there, freeze, not making a sound. Although in reality the turaco are very loud, loud and fussy birds.
It can be very difficult to distinguish between a male and a female banana eater bird. Sexual dimorphism is completely absent. Mother and father work together to build flat, careless, pigeon nests. The future nursery resembles a flat platform hidden in the thick of branches. As a rule, the female lays two white eggs. Chicks hatch completely naked. They have no bright color yet. They are somewhat reminiscent of cuckoo cubs, only after a couple of days they are covered with dark fluff, unlike others. The dark outfit will be on the chicks for a long time - almost 2 months.
The development of the embryo, and then the chick, is very slow. Incubation is about 20 days. Only after 6 weeks do the chicks begin to try to leave the nest. Moreover, a small bananoed bird cannot fly. There are small notches on the wings, with the help of which the turaco move through the trees. Chicks do not fly, but climb.
Life span and breeding period
The peak of love and activity of banana eaters falls on the period from April to July. It is with the arrival of warmth that birds strive to find a mate. Males scream very loudly, calling for females. Having found the other half, the bananoed bird separates from the other members of its flock. Two retire, hiding the nest in numerous branches at the very top. For safety, a height of 3 to 5.5 m is chosen. Parents are very responsible in raising their offspring. Watch closely as the chicks jump from branch to branch. And even up to 10 weeks they feed their cubs.
Not surprisingly, banana eaters live up to 15-17 years. Their life goes by in a leisurely rhythm. They hatch eggs for a long time. Their chicks are helpless for a long time. The teenage period also lasts a fairly decent period. Among birds, they are considered centenarians.
- ↑ 12Ilyashenko V. Yu.
Pterilography of chicks of birds of the world: goat-like, turaco-like, cuckoo-like, swift-like, mouse-birds, trogon-like, rakes-like, hornbills, woodpecker, passerine. - M .: Partnership of scientific publications KMK, 2020. - P. 32. - 292 p. - ISBN 978-5-9906895-6-5.
- ↑ 12Boehme R.L., Flint V.E.
A five-language dictionary of animal names. Birds. Latin, Russian, English, German, French / Under total. ed. acad. V.E.Sokolova.- M .: Russian language, RUSSO, 1994. - S. 131-132. - 2030 copies. - ISBN 5-200-00643-0.
- TURACOs, GO-AWAY-BIRDS and their Allies (unspecified)
- Akimushkin I.I.The world of animals. T. 3. Stories about birds / Eureka series. - M .: Molodaya Gvardiya, 1971. - 384 p.
- BirdLife International (2010) List of birds of the world with conservation status and classification sources from BirdLife. Version 3 (eng.)
Grown up Turaco deftly jump through the trees, like squirrels. It is the natural habitat of the banana eater bird. They rarely leave the hatched branches, preferring to spend time actively and energetically under the protection of dense leaves. The younger generation of banana eaters stops just to have a bite. And even then it takes a few seconds. They grab a fruit on one tree, immediately jumping to another. The human eye will not be able to keep track of their rapid movement.
The description of the banana-eater bird will be incomplete if you do not talk about the cries that are often heard in tropical forests. The voice of the growing Turaco is very loud, loud, sharp and shrill. It cannot be called musical in any way. Unfortunately, these birds do not have vocal abilities.
Do banana eaters really love bananas? The answer is negative. Birds feed on berries, shoots, tree buds and insects. Fruit, of course, is part of the diet, but it is not a favorite food. If there is an alternative, the banana eater will never eat the banana.
Interestingly, some species of banana eaters are capable of eating even poisonous fruits. No other birds and animals living nearby will do this. And turaco is not afraid of anything. Birds can tolerate hunger for a long time. This is due to the fact that in one sitting, the bananoid eater fills the goiter to the eyeballs with berries from the nearest bush. Eating small reptiles or insects is an exception to the rule.
Handling a lizard
Like many lizards, the banana gecko can throw back its tail to escape the predator. Therefore, you need to be very careful in handling it so as not to damage the tail. In a ciliated lizard, the tail does not grow back. This reptile is shy, when buying and moving to a new house, it is better to leave the lizard alone for a while, not to pick it up. Give time for the pet to get comfortable in its home.
After that, you can pick it up, only for the first time not for long, a few minutes. Each time, the time can be increased.
Character and lifestyle
Turaco is very fond of tall trees. These birds are rather secretive, despite their eccentric and noisy disposition. Birds flock into flocks of 12-16 individuals. They do not fly immediately, sending scouts. If, jumping over or just sitting on a branch, the bird screams very loudly, then the flight process is carried out in complete silence. This suggests that during the flight, bananed eaters feel uncomfortable, are afraid of something and strive to quickly return to their usual habitat.
If food was found in a flock, then the shy bird will not linger for a long time on a bush with a berry. The banano-eater will just visit the found "canteen" very often. Birds feel safer in tall trees. And it is from there that loud screams are heard throughout the district. In the photo, the bananoed bird makes its flight. She seeks to quickly get into a safe zone, because there, in the height, among the dense crown, you can chase each other to your heart's content, flap her wings and shout.
- Purple. Prefers forest edges somewhere in Nigeria or Gambia. Most often they live in pairs, but sometimes they stray into a flock.
- Guinean. Belongs to the category of very caring parents. In addition to making a deep and well-guarded nest, the couple also feeds their babies up to 10 weeks of age.
- Red-crested. Lives in the forests of Congo and Zaire. Hidden, he sits motionless on the highest tree branches. In case of danger, he runs away very quickly.During the mating season, the male loves to raise his high crest, spread his wings and scream loudly.
- Big blue. Perhaps the only large representative of the genus. Height - 76 cm, weight - 1200 g. It has a very long tail, straight crest, bright blue coloring on the chest. Lives in Congo, Kenya, Guinea, Tanzania, Nigeria. It flies very badly. Prefers to run and jump from branch to branch. Birds prefer to stay in small groups.
- Helmet-bearing. They are also called barnacle. A tuft of feathers, wide and tilted back, form a helmet. The abdomen is nondescript gray, and the body is bright green. Red at the end. Length - up to 40 centimeters. The female can be distinguished from the male by size, the girl is smaller.
There are 6 genera and 23 species in the Turac family (Musophagidae):
- Turaco (Tauraco
) - 14 species: Guinean turaco (
- Long-crested turaco (Tauraco livingstonii
- Tauraco schalowi
- Helmet-bearing turaco (Tauraco corythaix
- Black-billed Turaco (Tauraco schuttii
- White-crested turaco (Tauraco leucolophus
- Turaco Fischer (Tauraco fischeri
- Sinespinal turaco (Tauraco macrorhynchus
- Turaco Bannerman (Tauraco bannermani
- Red-crested turaco (Tauraco erythrolophus
- Blue-crested turaco (Tauraco hartlaubi
- White-eared turaco (Tauraco leucotis
- Ethiopian turaco (Tauraco ruspolii
- Violet-toothed turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus
- 1 type:
- Crested turaco (Ruwenzorornis johnstoni
) - 2 types:
- Purple eyed turaco (Musophaga violacea
) - 3 types:
- Long-throated banana eater (Corythaixoides personatus
- Bananoed plantains (Crinifer
) - 2 species: Black-tailed banana-eater plantain (
- Banana-striped plantain (Crinifer zonurus
- Blue turaco (Corythaeola
) - 1 species: Great blue turaco (