Bird Families

Dimorphic Fantail / Rhipidura brachyrhyncha

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Fan-tails (genus)

The fantail is a genus of passerine birds from the fantail family.

Most species are 15 to 18 cm long and specialize in catching flying insects.

The main area of ​​distribution of fantail is the South Pacific Ocean. New Zealand is home to three endemic subspecies of the gray fantail R. fuliginosa. The white-fronted fan-tailed R. aureola is common in India, Southeast Asia, and southern China. Australia is also home to the red-fronted fantail R. rufifrons and the black-and-white fantail R. leucophrys, which, with a body length of 23 cm, is one of the largest fan-tails and hunts, along with flying insects, also for prey on earth.

1. Classification

As of January 2020, 49 species are included in the genus:

  • Rhipidura nigrocinnamomea Hartert, 1903 - Philippine Fantail
  • Rhipidura sulaensis Neumann, 1939
  • Rhipidura maculipectus G. R. Gray, 1858 - Spotted Fantail
  • Rhipidura superciliaris Sharpe, 1877 - Blue-spine fantail
  • Rhipidura albiventris Sharpe, 1877
  • Rhipidura atra Salvadori, 1876 - Black Fantail
  • Rhipidura nigritorquis Vigors, 1831
  • Rhipidura euryura S. Muller, 1843 - Short-footed fan-tailed
  • Rhipidura tenebrosa E. P. Ramsay, 1882 - Dusky Fantail
  • Rhipidura drownei Mayr, 1931 - Mountain Fantail
  • Rhipidura phasiana De Vis, 1885
  • Rhipidura phoenicura S. Muller, 1843 - Red Lumbar Fantail
  • Rhipidura fuliginosa Sparrman, 1787 - Gray fantail
  • Rhipidura superflua Hartert, 1899 - Buruan fantail
  • Rhipidura lepida Hartlaub & Finsch, 1868 - Palauan Fantail
  • Rhipidura leucothorax Salvadori, 1874 - White-breasted fantail
  • Rhipidura threnothorax S. Muller, 1843 - Variegated Fantail
  • Rhipidura leucophrys Latham, 1801 - Black and white fantail
  • Rhipidura samarensis Steere, 1890
  • Rhipidura javanica Sparrman, 1788 - Collar Fantail
  • Rhipidura matthiae Heinroth, 1902 - Black-breasted Fantail
  • Rhipidura kubaryi Finsch, 1876
  • Rhipidura opistherythra P. L. Sclater, 1883 - Red-backed fantail
  • Rhipidura hyperythra G. R. Gray, 1858 - Brown-bellied Fantail
  • Rhipidura semirubra P. L. Sclater, 1877
  • Rhipidura albiscapa Gould, 1840
  • Rhipidura albolimbata Salvadori, 1874 - Gray-bellied Fantail
  • Rhipidura rufiventris Vieillot, 1818 - Widow Fantail
  • Rhipidura diluta Wallace, 1864
  • Rhipidura personata E. P. Ramsay, 1875 - Kandavu fantail
  • Rhipidura verreauxi Marie, 1870
  • Rhipidura cockerelli E. P. Ramsay, 1879 - Cockerell's Fantail
  • Rhipidura dahli Reichenow, 1897 - Gray-necked fantail
  • Rhipidura dedemi van Oort, 1911 - Seram fan-tail
  • Rhipidura malaitae Mayr, 1931 - Malaite Fantail
  • Rhipidura albicollis Vieillot, 1818 - White-necked Fantail
  • Rhipidura rufidorsa A. B. Meyer, 1874 - Gray-breasted fantail
  • Rhipidura rennelliana Mayr, 1931 - Rennell's Fantail
  • Rhipidura fuscorufa P. L. Sclater, 1883
  • Rhipidura brachyrhyncha Schlegel, 1871 - Dimorphic fantail
  • Rhipidura nebulosa Peale, 1849 - Samoan Fantail
  • Rhipidura albogularis R. Lesson, 1831 - White-chinned fantail
  • Rhipidura aureola R. Lesson, 1831 - White-fronted fantail
  • Rhipidura perlata S. Muller, 1843 - Pearl-breasted fantail
  • Rhipidura sauli Bourns & Worcester, 1894
  • Rhipidura rufifrons Latham, 1801 - Red-fronted fantail
  • Rhipidura teysmanni Buttikofer, 1892 - Celebesky fan-tail
  • Rhipidura dryas Gould, 1843
  • Rhipidura cyaniceps Cassin, 1855 - Blue-headed Fantail

In 2020, another species of the genus was described: Rhipidura habibiei Rheindt et al., 2020.

The golden-bellied fantail, which previously belonged to the genus, together with 3 other genera, was isolated into a separate family of stenostyra on the basis of molecular phylogenetic studies.

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