Belozor marsh is a poisonous perennial plant. Belongs to the Belozorov family - Parnassiaceae. People call this plant a student rose, one-leafed, white liver flower, etc.
In folk medicine, the aerial part of the plant is used during flowering. The pharmaceutical name of the herb belozor marsh - Parnassiae palustris herba.
A ribbed erect stem grows from a basal rosette of heart-shaped entire leaves. At the top of the stem is a single white flower. The diameter of the flower is 1.5-3 cm. Each flower is located on a separate peduncle. A flower with a separate calyx, five-leafed leaf, with five stamens alternating with other five stamens. Belozor has a short rhizome with fibrous roots.
The fruit of the plant is a single-celled capsule, opening with four valves with many seeds.
Belozor marsh is found in bogs, in swampy meadows and in damp ditches, in areas of worked-out peat bogs.
The plant can be found in the Arctic (with the exception of Novaya Zemlya), Western and Eastern Siberia, Europe, Central Asia and the Far East.
The plant blooms from July to August, the fruits ripen from August to September.
The chemical composition of the plant is not well understood. The leaves contain vitamin C, flavonoids, alkaloids, coumarin, bitter and tannins of the pyrocatechol group, saponins, resinous substances. The flowers contain leukoanthocyanins, the seeds contain fatty oil.
Application and medicinal properties
Belozor marsh has been used in folk medicine for a long time. Seeds, roots, fresh juice and flowers are used as medicinal raw materials.
The plant has the following medicinal properties: vasoconstrictor, improving urination, soothing, wound healing, controlling the cardiovascular and nervous system.
Belozor marsh is used to treat kidney and small intestine inflammation.
Medicines from this plant destroy microbes in the biliary tract, and also have a choleretic effect.
In addition, it has a positive effect on blood composition.
Belozor marsh is also used for enteritis and gastritis, bleeding and hemoptysis, as an astringent.
In Tibet and Mongolia, this plant is used to create drugs for the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers and oncology.
Belozor marsh grass collect during the flowering period. Then it is dried in an open space.
The roots are dug up in the middle of autumn, and the ground part - in the last days of summer.
Belozor treatment - recipes
The broth is prescribed for liver diseases and gastrointestinal diseases.
- For its preparation, you should take 2 tsp. herbs or roots, pour 300 ml of water, put on fire for 5 minutes. Leave for 2 hours, then strain. It is necessary to take 1 tbsp. l. everyday.
- With conjunctivitis, lotions are prescribed. To prepare them, you should take the herbs, crush them and simply apply them to the sore spot.
- The infusion from the plant is prepared as follows: 2 tbsp. l. flowers and herbs are poured with hot water (0.5 l.), boiled for 10 minutes in a water bath, cooled and filtered, squeezed and added with boiled water to bring the volume to the initial one. It can be stored in the refrigerator for 3 days. Take 1-3 tbsp. l. 3-4 times a day after eating. The course is 7-10 days.
- For various gynecological diseases and leucorrhoea, an infusion of belozor is used in the form of douching. In this case, the infusion should be diluted with water (1: 4 or 1: 5). Requires 1-1.5 liters. liquids.
Belozor is contraindicated for pregnant women; you can also not take it with low blood pressure, increased blood clotting and bradycardia.
In veterinary medicine, it is used to treat animals: they treat ulcers and abscesses, bites of various insects.
In rock gardens, podbel (andromeda) multifoliate is planted mainly in groups along with heather plants. A very unusual view for heather gardens, as it is very decorative not only during the flowering period, but also during the entire growing season.
Homeland - Europe, the Far East, Siberia, North America. It grows in the taiga zone, forest-tundra and hyparctic zone of the tundra zone - in swamps, in the dwarf birch sedge-shrub tundra, as well as in damp moss woodlands. In the mountains it can rise to the lower strip of the alpine belt.
To create a decorative type of plant, it is recommended to pinch it regularly, especially non-flowering shoots.
Reproduction is carried out mainly by cuttings, the breeding time is March-June. Cuttings are cut from non-flowering twigs and rooted in peat soil in a cool room (for example, in a basement). 100% of cuttings are rooted when treated with 0.01% IMC solution, for 16 hours and about 63% when treated "dry" with 0.2% IMC solution. After about a year, the cuttings must be planted in a permanent place, in the ground, in a fairly moist, peat-rich soil. Seed germination up to 25%. Also propagated by dividing the bush.
Optimal conditions for the development of this plant are swampy, sphagnum (peat) areas with abundant moisture. The soil surface must be mulched with sawdust or sand (layer - 3-5 cm). As a mulch, the husk of a pine nut or pine bark looks very unusual, they acidify the soil well.
The flowers are drooping, pink, but there are also other colors - from white to dark red, collected in several pieces on long red pedicels, located at the ends of last year's shoots. The petals are fused, the corolla is ovate or spherical-jugular (or goblet), pubescent inside, which prevents small insects from penetrating the flower. Ten stamens, with red anthers and two small sharp horns, one column. Anthers are opened after the stigma matures and cross-pollination takes place, but their opening occurs only at the moment when a large insect enters the flower. On the way to nectar, it wiggles the stamens, touching their appendages, and the anthers at the moment of opening show the insect with pollen.
Lanceolate leaves, the edges are turned down, shiny above, dark green, and matte below, white with a wax coating, leathery, 1 to 5 cm long and 2 to 8 mm wide.
The stem is smooth, slightly branched, creeping, rooting, rigid shoots, ascending, red-brown in color.
New Belgian aster is a perennial herb from the genus Symfiotrichum. This plant comes from the lands of North America. Today, aster is common all over the world. The only exceptions are cold northern latitudes. This flower came to European countries from China. In Latin, "aster" is a star. Having planted such gorgeous plants in their local area, gardeners get their own beautiful "constellations".
Many gardeners know this beautiful plant under a different name - "Octybrinka". A large number of varieties of this flower are characterized by late flowering, which occurs in September-October. New Belgian aster has thin, but very dense and strong stems.
By itself, the bush grows lush and solid, which attracts a lot of attention.
There are a sufficient number of popular and beautiful octobrinka varieties. Depending on the specific variety, plants can be short, reaching a height of only 60 cm, or high - up to 140 cm.Often this beautiful and interesting flower is used to create an unusual hedge or a bright border plant.
Due to the abundance of various varieties, this herbaceous plant is able to bloom from July to November. Not the mildest temperature of -5 degrees is not dangerous for these pets. The aster of the considered species will delight people with flowers of different shades. Bright lilac, pink and white specimens look especially bright and rich. Such plants will never get lost in the personal plot and will be a gorgeous decoration for it.
New Belgian aster differs in that a lot of flowers grow on it. The gorgeous bush is completely covered with them, due to which from the side it can strongly resemble a fluffy and bright cloud. A large number of small leaves, which have a rich dark green hue, contrast well against the background of juicy and variegated inflorescences.
The seeds of the plant in question are dark and oblong in shape. They appear in tubular midpoints. Each seed has a kind of "parachute" collected from fluffs. Thanks to this element, the seeds can easily fly in different directions at the slightest breeze.
Novobelgian aster is classified into a large number of different varieties. Each representative has its own distinctive features and external features. Let's get to know them better.
Delicate and beautiful plant that attracts with its beautiful blue color. This variety was "discovered" in 1955 by Ernest Ballard, a man who is considered the "father" of many of the asters known today. He named this cute flower after his wife Mary. These plants acquire an attractive blue-lilac color at the start of their flowering. This color completely "captures" a spherical flower, the diameter of which is about 5 cm. Only after a while does an orange core, resembling an egg yolk, appear.
The flowering of this variety is considered long - it lasts for 2 months, from September to November. The bush is vigorous and can grow up to 95 cm.
It grows especially quickly and soundly in sunny, but slightly shaded places in the open field.
It is a rhizome perennial that grows in the form of a beautiful bush with a characteristic back-pyramidal shape. Stems of "Royal Ruby" in height can reach from 50 to 150 cm... The upper part of the plants is usually densely branched. In tall representatives of the species, the lower shoots are partially bare and always need competent decoration. It is necessary to plant this variety exclusively in fertile and sufficiently drained lands. The soil for Royal Ruby must be moist. In the same place, this pet can grow for about 3-4 years.
Not only a very beautiful, but also an unpretentious plant, which is often chosen for growing by novice gardeners. "Madzhik Purpl" is planted everywhere - it is a very popular flower. This variety is characterized by abundant and long flowering. The double flowers of these plants have a delicate lilac-purple hue. The shape is relatively compact, spherical, and looks very interesting. The plant is frost-resistant, has good immunity, so it rarely gets sick and is attacked by pests.
Tall, perennial plant. It has erect stems that form a small bush. Around the yellow core is a large number of delicate, double petals with a light pink color. This plant is recommended to be planted in places well protected from the wind. The planting area should also be sufficiently lit. For asters of this variety, moderately nutritious soil is needed, the structure of which has much in common with medium loam.Often, "Fallowship" is used in group plantings or to create beautiful alpine slides that decorate the landscape.
A relatively new variety. Bushes grow low, have a spherical structure. Flowers "Henry Blue" are densely double, attract attention with a beautiful bluish tint. This flower is planted in well-lit places on the site. It is necessary to provide it with protection from wind gusts. This aster is growing rapidly, so it must be replanted every 3-4 years.
The soil in which the flower grows must necessarily be loose, free of weeds.
Snow-white varieties that look truly aristocratic. Such plants can be a gorgeous decoration for any home area or garden. With their participation, very beautiful and spectacular flower arrangements are formed, making the atmosphere more lively and colorful. The variety is distinguished by rich and long flowering. A large number of small flowers ripen on the bush, the size of which rarely exceeds 3 cm.The petals are thin, aligned horizontally. The core is yellow-red.
One of the most popular autumn crops that many gardeners choose for planting. This aster looks very impressive, since its petals have a rich and variegated raspberry-scarlet hue. The middle is distinguished by a fiery sunny color. Flowers bloom together, at the same time and so abundantly that their small size ceases to play any role. Gardeners can enjoy the beauty of this lovely plant for 30-35 days in early autumn. Bushes grow vigorous, 130 cm in height. They have dense, dark green foliage.
This variety looks like a dense and lush bush, the average height of which is from 0.8 to 1 m. The flowers grow semi-double, have a pink and light lavender hue. The eyes are characterized by a characteristic yellow color. The flowering period of this variety is September-October. Patricia Ballard feels good in sunny areas with moderate partial shade. This plant grows and develops best in fertile and well-drained lands.
Novobelgian aster is considered a relatively undemanding plant that is easy to work with. However, it still needs to be planted in the ground competently, observing all the rules and regulations.
If the aster is planned to be planted in the ground in the spring season, then the selected area for planting should be prepared in the fall. With the onset of spring, it will be necessary to weed the allotted place again, plow the soil using special preparations.
The optimal time for planting New Belgian asters is May, when frost on the soil is no longer observed.
It is necessary to properly prepare the soil for the planned planting of flowers of the selected variety. It is from these procedures that the growth rate and health of the flower in the future will depend. For asters, it is recommended to select places where there is good sun illumination, otherwise the flower will simply not grow normally. The place must be protected from strong wind gusts or drafts - they can cause significant harm to tall specimens. It is advisable to plant such flowers on small hills - excess moisture does not accumulate there, which can harm the root system of plants.
The soil should be light to medium, fertile, sufficiently permeable to air and water. The acidity should be zero. It will be possible to lower the acidity level if you use dolomite flour (additives). The landing site must be cleared of weeds, dug up with humus. With the arrival of spring, you will need to weed the area again and plow it with superphosphate or potassium sulfate.Then the ground will need to be leveled.
New Belgian aster must be looked after correctly. Let's take a closer look at how to water and fertilize this flower.
The flower is drought tolerant. There is often an impressive amount of rainfall during flowering. Do not overdo it with watering - you can ruin the flower. When the weather is dry in the yard, watering should be done abundantly, but not too often. You can water the plant only with settled water at room temperature.
In the spring and autumn periods, it is necessary to bring a small amount of humus under the aster bushes. During one season, it is necessary to make 3 full dressings using superphosphates and potassium sulfate:
- a couple of weeks after planting,
- during bud formation,
- at the start of flowering.